not available

Historie


Settlement by humans of what was to become the United Kingdom occurred in waves beginning by about 30.000 years ago. By the end of the region's prehistoric period, the population is thought to have belonged, in the main, to a culture termed Insular Celtic, comprising Brythonic Britain and Gaelic Ireland.
The Roman conquest, beginning in 43 AD, and the 400-year rule of southern Britain, was followed by an invasion by Germanic Anglo-Saxon settlers, reducing the Brythonic area mainly to what was to become Wales.
Most of the region settled by the Anglo-Saxons became unified as the Kingdom of England in the 10th century.
Meanwhile, Gaelic-speakers in north west Britain united with the Picts to create the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century.

In 1066, the Normans invaded England and after its conquest, seized large parts of Wales, conquered much of Ireland and settled in Scotland. Subsequent medieval English kings completed the conquest of Wales and made an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to annex Scotland. Thereafter, Scotland maintained its independence, albeit in near-constant conflict with England.
The English monarchs, through inheritance of substantial territories in France and claims to the French crown, were also heavily involved in conflicts in France, most notably the Hundred Years War.

In 1603, the kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland were united in a personal union when James VI, King of Scots, inherited the crowns of England and Ireland and moved his court from Edinburgh to London; each country nevertheless remained a separate political entity and retained its separate political institutions.
The unified kingdom of Great Britain came into being on 1 May 1707, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland. The term 'United Kingdom' became official in 1801 when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed an Act of Union, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
After the defeat of France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (17921815), the UK emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century (with London the largest city in the world from about 1830) The British Empire was expanded to include India, large parts of Africa, and many other territories throughout the world.

In 1919, the majority of Irish MPs refused to recognise the Parliament of the United Kingdom and formed a unilaterally independent Irish parliament. A War of Independence was fought between 1919 and 1921. Finally in December 1922, twenty-six of Ireland's counties exited from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and formed an independent Irish Free State. The southern part of Ireland that seceded from the union is today the Republic of Ireland. Six counties of Ireland, called Northern Ireland, remained a part of the continuing United Kingdom, which was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

I have visited the United Kingdom several times.

The pictures of these trips, are not yet available;
i have to digitalize them first.


During the Atlantic Odyssey (march/april 2011),
I visited some islands in the Atlantic Ocean

South Georgia
Gough-Island
Tristan da Cuhna
St Helena
Ascension


In may 2013 I made a visit to the Farn Islands


Please let me know when you're having questions.
i would be pleased to help you.

Things to do and other tips

not available

This illustrate's my memories of the United Kingdom:
The castle off the legendary King Arthur

See my "Things to do" pages for more pictures.


These are divided in:

"United Kingdom"
"South Georgia"
"Mid Atlantic Islands"